Conjugation of Regular -ar Verbs in the Present Tense


Learning Spanish, like any language, involves mastering various aspects of grammar, including verb conjugation. Verbs in Spanish are conjugated to match the subject, tense, and mood of a sentence. One of the first verb types you'll encounter are regular -ar verbs. These verbs follow a predictable pattern, making them a great starting point for beginners. In this article, we'll explore the conjugation of regular -ar verbs in the present tense, providing you with a solid foundation for further language learning.

Understanding Regular -ar Verbs

Regular -ar verbs are verbs that end in -ar in their infinitive form. Examples include hablar (to speak), bailar (to dance), and caminar (to walk). When conjugating these verbs, you'll remove the -ar ending and replace it with the appropriate ending based on the subject of the sentence.

The Conjugation Pattern

Each subject pronoun has its own unique ending that you add to the stem of the verb. For regular -ar verbs, the endings are as follows:

Subject Pronoun Ending
yo -o
él / ella / usted -a
nosotros / nosotras -amos
vosotros / vosotras -áis
ellos / ellas / ustedes -an

Let's break down the conjugation of regular -ar verbs in the present tense using the verb trabajar (to work) as our example:

Subject Verb Meaning
yo trabajo I work
trabajas you work
trabaja he works
she works
you (formal) work
trabajamos we work
we work
trabajáis you (plural) work
you (plural) work
trabajan they work
they work
you (formal, plural) work

Common Regular -ar Verbs

Here are a few more regular -ar ending verbs in Spanish

Hablar - to speak
Bailar - to dance
Cantar - to sing
Estudiar - to study
Trabajar - to work
Caminar - to walk
Comprar - to buy
Escuchar - to listen
Mirar - to watch/look
Enseñar - to teach


Now that you know the pattern of a regular -ar verb, you could form the present tense of any other regular -ar verb:

Yo hablo un poco de español. - I speak a little Spanish.
¿Tú estudias aquí? - Do you study here?
¿Dónde trabaja usted? - Where do you (formal) work?
Nosotros necesitamos otro libro. - We need another book.
Vosotros descansáis durante el día. - You (plural) rest during the day.
Ellas compran algo de comida. - They buy some food.

Note that because the verb endings show the person being referred to, it is most common to omit the subject pronouns. For example:
Estudiamos aquí. - We study here.


Mastering the conjugation of regular -ar ending verbs in the present tense is an essential step in learning Spanish. By understanding the patterns and practicing regularly, you'll build a strong foundation for further language acquisition. Remember to be patient with yourself, as language learning takes time and dedication. With consistent effort and practice, you'll soon feel confident in your ability to conjugate regular -ar verbs effortlessly. ¡Buena suerte! (Good luck!)

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