Imperfect Tense Conjugation of Regular -AR Verbs


Conjugating verbs is an essential aspect of learning Spanish grammar. One of the fundamental tenses to grasp is the imperfect tense, which allows us to describe ongoing actions or habitual events in the past. In this article, we will explore the rules for conjugating regular -AR verbs in the imperfect tense, providing you with a solid foundation for communicating effectively in Spanish.

Understanding the Imperfect Tense

The imperfect tense is used to express past actions that were ongoing, habitual, or repeated in the past, without emphasizing their completion. It is also used to describe physical or emotional states in the past. Regular -AR verbs follow specific conjugation patterns in the imperfect tense.

Identifying Regular -AR Verbs

Regular -AR verbs are the most common type of verbs in Spanish. They end in -ar in their infinitive form, such as "hablar" (to speak), "amar" (to love), and "caminar" (to walk). To conjugate these verbs in the imperfect tense, follow the rules outlined below.

Conjugation of Regular -AR Verbs in the Imperfect Tense

Step 1: Start with the infinitive form of the verb, such as "hablar."
Step 2: Remove the -ar ending from the infinitive, leaving the verb stem. In this case, the stem is "habl-."
Step 3: Add the appropriate endings based on the subject pronouns: -aba, -abas, -aba, -ábamos, -abais, -aban.

Here is the Imperfect tense of the regular -ar verb "hablar":

Subject Verb Meaning
yo hablaba I used to speak
hablabas you used to speak
hablaba he used to speak
she used to speak
you (formal) used to speak
hablábamos we used to speak
we used to speak
hablabais you (plural) used to speak
you (plural) used to speak
hablaban they used to speak
they used to speak
you (formal, plural) used to speak

Note that the endings for the first person singular and the third person singular forms are the same. In this case, the subject pronoun will provide clarity if there is any ambiguity.


Yo hablaba español con fluidez. (I used to speak Spanish fluently.)
Tú caminabas todos los días al colegio. (You used to walk to school every day.)
Ella amaba a su perro con todo su corazón. (She loved her dog with all her heart.)
Nosotros siempre hablábamos de nuestras metas y sueños. (We always talked about our goals and dreams.)
Vosotros hablabais muy rápido. (You all used to speak very fast.)
Ellos caminaban por el parque todas las tardes. (They used to walk in the park every afternoon.)
Te esperábamos en la estación. (We were waiting for you at the station.)


Understanding the rules for conjugating regular -AR verbs in the imperfect tense is crucial for building a strong foundation in Spanish grammar. By following the simple steps outlined in this article, you can confidently express ongoing actions, habitual events, and past states. Regular practice will help you master the conjugation of -AR verbs in the imperfect tense, bringing you one step closer to fluency in the beautiful Spanish language.

Remember, consistent study and practice are key to becoming proficient in Spanish verb conjugation. With dedication and patience, you can unlock the doors to effective communication and cultural immersion in the Spanish-speaking world. ¡Buena suerte! (Good luck!)

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